account arrow-down-linearrow-down-small arrow-downarrow-download arrow-left-small arrow-leftarrow-link arrow-rightarrow-upaudio-less-volume audio-not-playing audio-plus-volume audio awarded books calendar close-modal closedate delete document education emailevent Facebookhamburger impact instagramjustice linkedin location-outline location opinion page phonepinterestplay pluspost preview project reports search-bigsearch-old search share star-full star-open startime twitterwelfare youtube zoom-in zoom-out

The long-term consequences of domestic infant adoption

Researchers: Professor Barbara Maughan | Dr. Alan Rushton ...

Project overview


Adoption constitutes a major intervention that can have lifelong effects on individuals, as shown by the numbers of adopted adults who seek specialist advice and counselling services. However, systematic evidence on the outcomes of adoption beyond the early adult years is severely limited. This study will begin to fill that gap by exploring the long-term consequences of infant domestic adoption, using data from the 1958 British birth cohort (the National Child Development Study, NCDS) and the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70).

Adopted children from the 1958 and 1970 cohorts were mostly placed with their new parents after only short periods in foster care and few, if any, had been exposed to the neglectful or abusive experiences common among adopted children today. This research can therefore look at whether adoption per se is associated with increased vulnerabilities and negative outcomes.

The researchers aim to provide a comprehensive picture of the health, functioning and well-being of adopted members of the cohorts at mid-life, through exploring:

  • Differences in development and whether difficulties in adolescence or early adulthood diminish or persist
  • Whether males are more vulnerable than females
  • Whether early separation from birth parents has consequences for adult relationships
  • Whether particular factors predict differential outcomes.

Team


  • Professor Barbara Maughan
    King's College London
  • Dr. Alan Rushton
    King's College London
  • Margaret Grant
    British Assocation for Adoption & Fostering

  • Director, Welfare
    Nuffield Foundation
  • Cheryl Lloyd
    Programme Head, Education
    Nuffield Foundation

Explore our projects

In progress

Justice | 2019 - 2022

Understanding criminogenic influences on youth offending

View project
In progress

Welfare | 2019 - 2022

Children living with domestic violence: effects on children’s well-being

View project
In progress

Justice | 2019 - 2021

The Edinburgh Study: causes and impacts of criminal justice pathways

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2019 - 2021

Girls and women with experience of care and the criminal justice system

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

The implementation of new rules and guidance for permanent foster care

View project
In progress

Justice | 2018 - 2020

Paths to administrative justice in Wales

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

System conditions and welfare inequalities in children’s services

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

Looked after children grown up

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2019

Pathways of incarcerated children in care

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2018

Visualising data in care proceedings

View project
Reported

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2018

Addressing the ‘care cases’ crisis: a sector-led review

View project
Reported

Justice | 2017 - 2019

Immigration judicial reviews

View project
In progress

Welfare | 2019 - 2022

Children living with domestic violence: effects on children’s well-being

View project
In progress

Justice | 2019 - 2022

Understanding criminogenic influences on youth offending

View project
In progress

Justice | 2019 - 2021

The Edinburgh Study: causes and impacts of criminal justice pathways

View project
Reported

Justice | Welfare | 2015 - 2018

Bridging the Evidence Gap in Family Proceedings

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2018

The impact of Litigants in Person on the Northern Ireland court system

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2017

Transparency and privacy in family courts

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2019

Implementation of recommendations of the Carlile report

View project
In progress

Justice | 2017 - 2020

Enhancing problem-solving practice in youth court

View project
In progress

Justice | 2013 - 2019

Timely disclosures mean timely interventions for young offenders and victims

View project
Reported

Justice | 2008 - 2012

The impact of anti-social behaviour interventions on young people

View project
Reported

Education | Justice | 2012 - 2015

Personal narratives and student achievement in pupil referral units

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

Looked after children grown up

View project
In progress

Justice | 2019 - 2022

Understanding criminogenic influences on youth offending

View project
In progress

Welfare | 2019 - 2022

Children living with domestic violence: effects on children’s well-being

View project
In progress

Justice | 2019 - 2021

The Edinburgh Study: causes and impacts of criminal justice pathways

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2019 - 2021

Girls and women with experience of care and the criminal justice system

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

The implementation of new rules and guidance for permanent foster care

View project
In progress

Justice | 2018 - 2020

Paths to administrative justice in Wales

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

System conditions and welfare inequalities in children’s services

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2020

Looked after children grown up

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2018 - 2019

Pathways of incarcerated children in care

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2018

Visualising data in care proceedings

View project
In progress

Justice | 2017 - 2020

The Mental Health MHTS For Scotland

View project
In progress

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2020

Birth fathers’ recurrent appearance in care proceedings

View project
Reported

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2018

Addressing the ‘care cases’ crisis: a sector-led review

View project
Reported

Justice | 2017 - 2019

Immigration judicial reviews

View project
Siblings play ball in a playground - Siblings Contact and the Law
Reported

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2019

Siblings, contact and the law: an overlooked relationship?

View project
Reported

Justice | Welfare | 2017 - 2019

Measuring outcomes for children’s social care services

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2018

The dissemination of lessons from research to the Judiciary

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2018

The impact of Litigants in Person on the Northern Ireland court system

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2017

Transparency and privacy in family courts

View project
Reported

Justice | 2016 - 2019

Implementation of recommendations of the Carlile report

View project
Couple of African descent attends couples counselling to discuss finding fault in divorce
Reported

Justice | 2015 - 2019

Finding Fault? Divorce Law in practice in England and Wales

View project
Reported

Justice | 2015 - 2016

The fraud 'justice systems': a scoping study

View project
Reported

Justice | Welfare | 2015 - 2016

Feasibility study for research into improving children’s social services

View project
Reported

Justice | 2015 - 2017

The long-term consequences of domestic infant adoption

View project
Search projects

We aim to improve people’s lives by funding research that informs social policy, primarily in Education, Welfare and Justice. We also fund student programmes that give young people skills and confidence in science and research.

We are an open, collaborative and engaged funder that offers more than money. Through connecting the individual projects we fund, we strengthen their collective impact and give voice to an overarching narrative.

Profile