IFS Green Budget 2018 – 2021

The IFS Green Budget (so called by analogy with a green paper compared to a white paper) is a comprehensive and independent assessment of the state of the public finances, the key economic questions facing the government, and various policy options in the run up to the Chancellor’s Budget.

Chapters on the public finances form the central core of every Green Budget, including an overview of the UK’s recent economic performance and the state of the public finances. Other chapters change annually and are decided as policy developments occur and where there is the potential and need for impact. Recent topics have included:

  • Health and social care spending
  • Public sector pay
  • The Apprenticeship Levy
  • Personal and corporate tax
  • Design issues around incapacity and disability benefits
  • The gig economy
  • Tax avoidance
  • Universal Credit
  • Barriers to homeownership for young adults
  • Brexit and the impact on different industries, regions, and workers

The IFS Green Budget aims to inform debate and promote better understanding of policy implications, while also improving the quality of public policy. 

Project details



Paul Johnson, IFS

Carl Emmerson, IFS

Robert Joyce, IFS

Grant amount and duration: 


August 2018 – October 2021